Release on Recognizance (ROR) Doctrine AKA. Own Recognizance (OR) / Personal Recognizance (PR) [Term Varies by Region]

The Release on Recognizance (ROR) Doctrine contains guidelines relating to the practice of issuing Misdemeanor citations and releasing suspects instead of booking them into custody.

In the event that a suspect is arrested for a Misdemeanor which involves jail time, the officer performing the arrest may, at their own discretion, choose to release the suspect with a criminal misdemeanor citation in lieu of arrest ("cite and release" / "cite and release arrest").

Misdemeanor citations are legally considered arrests and should be classified as zero-time arrests in CAD; the only difference being that the suspect does not need to be transported to a holding area and booked into jail.

Certain misdemeanors laws do not apply under this doctrine. Exemptions are indicated on individual penal codes.

Written by Chief Justice Terry July 31 2021

Last updated